The discoveries were made during expeditions in the states of Maranhão, Tocantins and Pará
São Paulo, February 16, 2017 – Suzano Pulp and Paper and the environmental firm Probiota located two rare species on areas owned by the pulp and paper producer during wildlife monitoring activities. The work, which is part of the Fauna and Flora Monitoring Program in the states of Maranhão, Tocantins and Pará, was concluded with the discovery and identification of a specimen of the red-handed howler and of a bird known as the caxias pygmy tyrant.
The wildlife monitoring was conducted by experts from Probiota in 15 High Conservation Value Areas (HCVA), which are areas considered of great importance to preservation and scientific studies due to their ecological and social attributes. The Wildlife Monitoring Program was launched in January 2013 and its last campaign was conducted in October 2016 to learn more about natural forests and to obtain information on the level of preservation and ecological function of these areas.
During this phase of the work, various rare species were identified, including the golden parakeet, hyacinth macaw, bush dog, puma and others. At the end of last year, two new discoveries merit mention: the primate Alouatta gr belzebul, known as red-handed howler, and the small bird Myiornis sp.nov., or caxias pygmy tyrant.
“In addition to contributing with information about the territorial and feeding habits of new species, the main legacy of this work for Suzano is to demonstrate that its sustainable development strategy is effectively protecting biodiversity,” said Alexandre Di Ciero, Sustainability Executive Manager at Suzano Pulp and Paper.
The red-handed howler was registered at the HCVAs that are part of the Pará Macroregion located in the municipality of Dom Eliseu. This sighting is unprecedented in the region, which means an expansion in the geographic distribution of this species. In addition to their taxonomic relevance with regard to the diversity of living beings, the howlers are extremely important for the regeneration of tropical forests, since they disperse seeds that come from the fruits and leaves they eat.
The caxias pygmy tyrant was registered in the HCVAs of Vargem Bonita located in the municipality of Grajaú, Maranhão. The sighting means a significant contribution to science regarding the species’ geographic distribution, since it was first discovered in 2012 in Caxias, Maranhão and is still in the description phase. Since it is a new species, its scientific name has yet to be determined by its discoverers. The small bird’s vocalization is reminiscent of a small cricket.
In March this year, Maranhão Forestry Business Unit will conduct a Flora Monitoring Campaign, which, combined with the wildlife data, seeks to identify potential impacts and conservation recommendations in municipalities engaged in forest management.